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房屋抗震要如何就行设计和检测

来源:     发表日期: 2019-03-14 10:33:50     浏览次数:次    
房屋抗震要如何就行设计和检测
How to Design and Inspection the Seismic Resistance of Buildings
人们关于建造物的抗震等级的关注度不高,也没有怎样去理解过。但是,在近几年人们关于寓居修建物的运用平安越来越关怀了,修建物的抗震等级也有了一定的理解,这都是源自于地震会带来严重的毁坏才能。当人们发现修建物的抗震才能缺乏的时分,都会选择做抗震加固处置,在做抗震加固处置之前是需求制定抗震加固设计方案的。那麼房屋抗震要如何就行设计和检测。
People have not paid much attention to the seismic grade of buildings, nor have they been able to understand it. However, in recent years, people have paid more and more attention to the safe use of residential buildings, and have a certain understanding of the seismic grade of buildings, all of which are derived from the ability of earthquake to bring serious damage. When people find that the seismic ability of buildings is scarce, they will choose to do seismic reinforcement treatment. Before doing seismic reinforcement treatment, it is necessary to formulate seismic reinforcement design scheme. Then how to design and test the earthquake resistance of the building?
一、遵照抗震加固的设计准绳在修建物需求做抗震加固的时分,先要做抗震检测,依据抗震鉴定报告所反映的成绩来制定设计方案。
1. According to the design criteria of seismic reinforcement, when building needs seismic reinforcement, seismic testing should be done first, and the design scheme should be formulated according to the results reflected in the seismic appraisal report.
1.新增构件与原有构件之间应有牢靠衔接; 新增的抗震墙、柱等竖向构件应有牢靠的根底。
1. There should be a strong connection between the new components and the original components; the new vertical components such as seismic walls and columns should have a solid foundation.
2.加固所用资料类型与原构造相反时,其强度等级不应低于原构造资料的实践强度等级。
2. When the type of data used for reinforcement is contrary to the original structure, its strength level should not be lower than the practical strength level of the original structure data.
3.加固方案应依据抗霞鉴定后果经综合剖析后确定,辨别采用房屋全体加固、区段加固或构件加固,增强全体性、改善构件受力情况、进步综合抗震才能。
3. The reinforcement scheme should be determined by comprehensive analysis of the consequences of anti-haze appraisal. It should be distinguished that the whole reinforcement, section reinforcement or component reinforcement should be adopted to enhance the integrity, improve the stress condition of components and improve the comprehensive seismic ability.
二、抗震加固设计方案如何优化
2. How to Optimize the Design Scheme of Seismic Reinforcement
4.进步构造抗震平安性与房屋运用功用、外观改善等呈现矛盾时,需求通加固方案的比拟才干选出比拟适宜的办法。
4. When the seismic safety of progressive structures is in contradiction with the use of houses and the improvement of their appearance, the comparative ability of strengthening schemes is needed to select the appropriate method.
5.加固办法要便于施工,增加对原构造构件的损伤,已有的损伤也要一并处置,以便在资料耗费、施工工效、环境影响和抗震才能进步之间获得较佳方案。
5. Reinforcement methods should be easy to construct, increase the damage to the original structural components, and dispose of the existing damage, so as to obtain a better scheme between data consumption, construction efficiency, environmental impact and seismic progress.
6.针对鉴定的后果和房屋的实践状况,确定使房屋总体抗震才能到达规则设防要求的关键,确定是整个房屋加固还是区段加固或构件加固,以防止扩展加固量。
6. In view of the consequences of the appraisal and the practical situation of the building, the key to ensure that the overall anti-seismic ability of the building can meet the requirements of the rules of fortification is to determine whether the whole building is strengthened or the section or the member is strengthened to prevent the expansion of the amount of reinforcement.
7.修建物抗震加固可不是一件大事,关于加固设计方案的制定尤爲重要,由于适宜的抗震加固设计方案可以增加很多不用要的费事,可以方便施工,也更好地保证加固工程的质量。
7. Seismic reinforcement of buildings is not a major event, and the formulation of reinforcement design scheme is particularly important. Because the appropriate seismic reinforcement design scheme can increase a lot of unnecessary trouble, which can facilitate construction and better guarantee the quality of reinforcement project.
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