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在地震时新萄京8522是如何完成自己工作的?

来源:     发表日期: 2019-07-15 14:44:21     浏览次数:次    
1、地震是怎样作用的,惊扰怎样对建筑构成损伤
1. How do earthquakes work and how do disturbances damage buildings?
首先,我们需求晓得什么是地震。凭据百度百科的解说,我们无妨得知,地震是地壳释放能量的过程中构成的振动,经过地震波对人类的生存构成影响甚而毁坏。
First, we need to know what earthquakes are. According to Baidu Encyclopedia's explanation, we may as well know that earthquakes are the vibration formed in the process of releasing energy from the earth's crust, and even destroy the existence of human beings through seismic waves.
那么地震波又是什么呢?根据目前天下研讨地震的水平,地震波无妨分为纵波(P波)、横波(S波)、和面波(L波)三种方式。纵波属于推进波,使空中发作上下的惊扰,毁坏性相对较弱。横波属于剪切波,使空中发作前后控制的哆嗦,毁坏性较强。面波属于纵波和横波在地表相遇后鼓舞发作的夹杂波,毁坏性对照强。
So what is seismic wave? According to the level of earthquake under discussion, seismic wave can be divided into P wave, S wave and L wave. Longitudinal wave belongs to the propulsion wave, which makes the air attack disturbance up and down, and the destructiveness is relatively weak. Shear wave belongs to shear wave, which makes the control of shivering before and after air attack more destructive. Surface wave is a kind of mixed wave which inspires the occurrence of longitudinal and shear waves after they meet on the surface. It has a strong destructive contrast.
在机电工程抗震界限,普通的理解成:重力支吊架起到抵御、缓和垂直地震力(即纵波)的作用。而抗震支吊架,经过其特殊的斜撑结构,大大的抵御缓和和水平地震力(即横波)的作用。
The seismic limit of mechanical and electrical engineering is generally understood as: gravity support and suspension play the role of resisting and mitigating vertical seismic force (i.e. longitudinal wave). The anti-seismic support and hanger, through its special diagonal bracing structure, greatly resists the role of mitigation and horizontal seismic force (i.e. shear wave).
2、抗震支吊架作用方法,抗震斜撑怎样抵御水平地震力
2. The method of action of anti-seismic braces and suspensions, and how anti-seismic diagonal braces resist horizontal seismic forces
我们都晓得,抗震支吊架是经过抗震斜撑的加固,来起到抗震的作用。
As we all know, the anti-seismic brace and hanger is reinforced by the anti-seismic diagonal brace to play an anti-seismic role.
正是由于抗震斜撑的存在,才干使得原来在水平目的上毫无约束的管道支吊架体系可以在地震发作时做到平安可靠,预防管道支吊架体系垮塌掉落,构成要紧的次生灾害。
It is precisely because of the existence of anti-seismic diagonal braces that the original unconstrained pipeline support and hanger system for horizontal purposes can be safe and reliable in the event of an earthquake, and prevent the collapse and fall of the pipeline support and hanger system, which constitutes an important secondary disaster.
3、斜撑的抗震作用与承载重力有否关系,斜撑上能否有重力作用
3. Whether the anti-seismic action of braces is related to the bearing gravity and whether there is gravity action on braces?
由 2点我们无妨晓得,抗震斜撑在力学上,有肯定的重力荷载效应。当然,管道支吊架体系所承载的重力越大,抗震斜撑上接纳的重力效应值也越大,所以斜撑的抗震作用与承载重力着实存在肯定的关系。
From two points, we may well know that seismic braces have a definite gravity load effect in mechanics. Of course, the greater the gravity of the pipeline support and suspension system, the greater the gravity effect value accepted on the anti-seismic brace, so there is a positive relationship between the anti-seismic effect of the brace and the bearing gravity.
可是,有一点我们需求关注,抗震支吊架的性能性主若是“抗震”,而非“承载”。抗震支吊架安装的条件是,重力支吊架一定契合条件,可以满足垂直目的上全部管道及介质等要素的重力作用,即不研讨抗震支吊架上的重力作用也能满足性能需求。普通的说,无妨概括成:抗震斜撑上有重力作用,可是我们在中止设计和计算时,暂不研讨抗震支吊架的重力效应,即不研讨重力共架。(惯例除外,某些空间眇小的中央可能会呈现重力共架的状况。)
However, one thing we need to pay attention to is that the performance of the anti-seismic support and hanger is mainly "anti-seismic" rather than "bearing". The installation condition of the anti-seismic support and hanger is that the gravity support and hanger can meet the gravity function of all pipelines and media for vertical purposes, that is, the gravity function on the anti-seismic support and hanger can also meet the performance requirement without discussing the gravity function on the anti-seismic support and hanger. Generally speaking, it may be summarized as follows: anti-seismic braces have gravity effect, but when we stop designing and calculating, we do not discuss the gravity effect of anti-seismic braces and hangers, that is, gravity common braces. (Except for conventions, gravity may coexist in some small centers of space. )
有了澳门新萄京8522上面的小总结,希望对广大客户有所帮助,如果有什么不理解的或者寻求帮助的请点击我们的网站:或者来电咨询,我们会尽全力为您解决
With the summary above, I hope it will be helpful to our customers. If you don't understand or ask for help, please click on our official website: or call for consultation. We will try our best to solve it for you.
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